Understanding Pain and Suffering Damages: Obtaining Full Compensation After an Accident

Accidents can lead to a myriad of challenges, not just physically but emotionally and mentally as well. For those affected, the repercussions extend far beyond immediate medical bills or property damage. One of the most significant yet often misunderstood aspects of personal injury claims involves pain and suffering damages. In Maryland, these damages can play a crucial role in the overall compensation package an accident victim might receive.

Defining Pain and Suffering

Pain and suffering encompass the physical discomfort and emotional distress that a person endures as a result of an injury. This can range from chronic pain and limitations in mobility to anxiety, depression, and other psychological impacts. Unlike medical bills which have clear receipts and numbers, quantifying pain and suffering is inherently subjective and complex. However, it is an essential component of fair compensation.

The Legal Framework in Maryland

Maryland law recognizes the importance of pain and suffering damages in personal injury cases. The state allows victims to seek compensation for both physical pain and the emotional and psychological impacts of their injuries.

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Calculating Pain and Suffering Damages

Determining the value of pain and suffering damages is one of the most challenging aspects of a personal injury claim. Courts and insurance companies often consider several factors, including the severity of the injury, the duration of pain and suffering, the impact on the victim’s daily life, and the long-term prognosis. In Maryland, two primary methods are commonly used: the multiplier method and the per diem method.

The multiplier method involves multiplying the actual economic damages (such as medical expenses and lost wages) by a number typically between 1.5 and 5, depending on the severity of the injury and its impact. The per diem method assigns a daily rate to the pain and suffering endured by the victim, which is then multiplied by the number of days the victim is expected to suffer. Each method has its nuances and the appropriate choice often depends on the specifics of the case.

Proving Pain and Suffering

To successfully claim pain and suffering damages, evidence is paramount. Detailed medical records, testimonies from healthcare providers, and personal diaries documenting the victim’s pain and daily struggles can all serve as vital pieces of evidence. In addition, witness statements from family members, friends, or coworkers who can attest to the changes in the victim’s behavior and lifestyle post-accident can provide compelling support for the claim.


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The Role of an Attorney

Navigating the complexities of a pain and suffering claim requires a deep understanding of both legal principles and medical issues. An attorney can be instrumental in building a robust case, ensuring that all relevant evidence is presented effectively, and advocating for the victim’s right to full compensation.

Negotiating with Insurance Companies

Insurance companies often attempt to minimize payouts, including those for pain and suffering. They might downplay the severity of the victim’s injuries or argue that the emotional distress is not as significant as claimed. An attorney can negotiate on behalf of the victim, leveraging medical evidence, testimonies, and legal precedents to push for a fair settlement. If a reasonable agreement cannot be reached, the case may proceed to trial where a judge or jury will determine the appropriate compensation.

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Impact of Comparative Negligence

Maryland follows a strict contributory negligence rule, which can impact the recovery of damages in a personal injury case. Under this rule, if the victim is found to be even one percent at fault for the accident, they may be barred from recovering any compensation. This underscores the importance of thoroughly investigating the accident and establishing a clear narrative that places fault entirely on the other party. An attorney’s role in meticulously gathering and presenting evidence is critical in overcoming the challenges posed by this legal standard.

Long-Term Considerations

The effects of pain and suffering can extend far beyond the immediate aftermath of an accident. Chronic pain, ongoing medical treatments, and lasting psychological impacts can continue to affect a victim’s quality of life for years. It is crucial to consider these long-term effects when seeking compensation. An attorney will often work with medical and psychological professionals to project future impacts and incorporate them into the claim, ensuring that the compensation sought reflects both current and future suffering.

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The Importance of Timely Action

In Maryland, personal injury claims are subject to a statute of limitations, which typically allows three years from the date of the accident to file a lawsuit. Failing to file within this timeframe can result in losing the right to pursue compensation. Acting promptly not only ensures compliance with legal deadlines but also helps preserve evidence and witness testimonies, which can weaken over time.

Preparing for Trial

While many personal injury cases are settled out of court, some do proceed to trial. Preparing for trial involves extensive preparation, including the gathering of detailed evidence, pre-trial motions, and possibly depositions. An attorney will guide the victim through this process, advocating on their behalf and ensuring that the case is presented compellingly to the judge or jury. The goal is to obtain a verdict that accurately reflects the extent of pain and suffering endured by the victim.

The Path to Recovery

Recovering from an accident involves more than just physical healing. The emotional and psychological journey can be equally challenging. Securing compensation for pain and suffering can provide a sense of justice and financial support that aids in this recovery process. It can cover costs for ongoing medical care, therapy, and other necessary services that help victims rebuild their lives.

Personal Injury Statistics


of people who are injured due to someone else's negligence don't believe they could pursue an injury claim.


of personal injury cases are settled pretrial. Typically, only about five percent of personal injury claims will go to trial.


is the amount it will cost you to contact us and start your personal injury claim. Reach out for a free consultation.

Your Right to Fair Compensation

Every accident victim deserves to be fully compensated for the pain and suffering they endure. Understanding the intricacies of how these damages are calculated and claimed is essential for ensuring that victims receive the justice they deserve. With the right legal support, it is possible to navigate the complexities of Maryland’s legal system and secure compensation that truly reflects the extent of one’s suffering.

At Alpert Schreyer, LLC, we are committed to standing by accident victims and fighting for their right to full compensation. Our experienced attorneys understand the profound impact that pain and suffering can have on your life, and we are dedicated to ensuring that you receive the justice and financial support you need to move forward. If you or a loved one has been injured in an accident, do not hesitate to reach out to us for a consultation. Let us help you obtain the compensation you deserve and begin the path to recovery. Contact us today to schedule your free consultation.