How to Determine Liability in a Product-Related Accident

Product-related accidents can cause significant harm and distress to individuals. When such accidents occur, it’s crucial to determine liability and hold the responsible parties accountable. In Maryland, understanding the legal framework and requirements for establishing liability in product-related accidents is essential. This article will explore the key factors to consider when determining liability and the specific requirements in Maryland.

Product Liability Overview:How to Determine Liability in a Product-Related Accident

Product liability refers to the legal responsibility of manufacturers, distributors, and sellers for injuries or damages caused by defective products. To establish liability, the injured party must demonstrate that the product was defective and that the defect caused the injury. There are three primary types of product defects:

  • Manufacturing defects: These occur during the manufacturing process and make a product different from the intended design, making it unsafe for use.
  • Design defects: These exist before the product is manufactured, rendering the entire product line inherently unsafe.
  • Failure to warn: This refers to the lack of adequate warnings or instructions about potential risks associated with using the product.

Maryland Product Liability Law:

Maryland follows a strict liability standard when it comes to product liability cases. This means that the injured party is not required to prove negligence on the part of the manufacturer, distributor, or seller. Instead, they must establish the following elements:

  • Defective product: The injured party must demonstrate that the product was defective or unreasonably dangerous when used as intended or in a reasonably foreseeable manner.
  • Causation: It must be proven that the defect in the product caused the injury or damages suffered by the individual.
  • Product not substantially altered: The injured party must show that the product was not substantially altered from its original condition when the injury occurred.

Parties Potentially Liable:

In product liability cases, multiple parties may be held liable for the injuries or damages suffered. These parties typically include:

  • Manufacturers: Those involved in designing, producing, or assembling the product.
  • Distributors: Entities responsible for distributing or selling the product to retailers or consumers.
  • Retailers: Sellers who offer the product directly to consumers.

Statute of Limitations:

It is crucial to be aware of the statute of limitations, which sets the time limit for filing a product liability claim in Maryland. Generally, the injured party has three years from the date of the injury to file a lawsuit. However, it is advisable to consult with an experienced product liability attorney promptly, as exceptions and specific circumstances may alter the time frame.

Seeking Legal Assistance:

Product liability cases can be complex, requiring a thorough understanding of Maryland’s laws and legal procedures. If you’ve been involved in a product-related accident, it’s essential to seek the assistance of an experienced product liability attorney, such as Alpert Schreyer, LLC.

At Alpert Schreyer, LLC, our dedicated team of attorneys has extensive experience in handling product liability cases in Maryland. We understand the intricacies of product liability law and can provide the guidance and support necessary to navigate the legal process successfully.

Gathering Evidence:

To establish liability in a product-related accident, it is crucial to gather relevant evidence. The following steps can help strengthen your case:

  • Preserve the product: Keep the product in its original condition and do not make any alterations or repairs. This is essential for proving the existence of a defect.
  • Document the accident scene: Take photographs or videos of the accident scene, highlighting any visible defects, damages, or hazards.
  • Collect witness statements: Obtain statements from individuals who witnessed the accident or have knowledge of the defective product.
  • Retain medical records: Keep a record of all medical treatments, diagnoses, and expenses related to your injuries caused by the product.
  • Maintain purchase and warranty records: Preserve any receipts, invoices, or warranty documents related to the purchase of the product.

Expert Witnesses:

In complex product liability cases, expert witnesses can play a crucial role. These professionals possess specialized knowledge and expertise in areas such as engineering, manufacturing processes, or product design. Their testimony can provide valuable insights and help establish a link between the product defect and the injuries sustained.

Comparative Negligence:

Maryland follows the principle of comparative negligence, which means that liability can be shared among multiple parties. If the injured party is found partially at fault for the accident, the compensation awarded may be reduced accordingly. It is important to consult with an attorney to assess how comparative negligence might impact your case.


If liability is established in a product-related accident, the injured party may be entitled to various types of compensation, including:

  • Medical expenses: Reimbursement for past and future medical bills related to the injuries.
  • Lost wages: Compensation for the income lost due to the accident, including future earning capacity if the injuries result in long-term disability.
  • Pain and suffering: Damages awarded for physical pain, emotional distress, and loss of enjoyment of life.
  • Property damage: Reimbursement for any property damaged or destroyed in the accident.
  • Punitive damages: In rare cases involving egregious conduct, punitive damages may be awarded to punish the defendant and deter similar behavior in the future.

If you or a loved one has been injured in a product-related accident in Maryland, don’t hesitate to contact Alpert Schreyer, LLC. Our skilled attorneys are committed to protecting your rights and seeking the compensation you deserve. Schedule a free consultation today.

Determining liability in a product-related accident requires a comprehensive understanding of the legal framework and specific requirements in Maryland. By recognizing the key elements of product liability and seeking professional legal assistance, you can effectively navigate the complexities of a product liability case. Remember to consult with an experienced attorney like Alpert Schreyer, LLC, who can provide the necessary guidance and fight for your rights.